Uganda has a total of 10 national parks that contain a variety of habitats to a large number of wildlife, right from snow capped mountains, papyrus swamps, thick tropical forests and the open savanah plains. These are homes to quite a range of wildlife with over 1047 bird species, forest primates for example; gorillas, chimpanzees where as the game animals are found in the savanah plain parks.
Below is a brief Insight of the National Parks and some of the animals you should expect to see in Uganda.
1. Lake Mburo National Park.
This lies on an area of 260 sq km, located in the southwest part of Uganda in a district called Kiruhura.
For a single day trip, this could n one of the parks you shouldn’t miss visiting.
It offers a great view and you will see Buffalos, Topi, large herds of Zebras, and a variety of bird species and many more others.
This is the only park in Uganda where you’ll find the Impalas.
2. Murchison Falls National Park.
Also known as the World’s most powerful water falls.
Located in the North Western Uganda, in a district called Masindi lies the magnificent Murchison Falls National Park.
The park is bisected by the Victoria Nile from east to west for a distance of about 115 kilometres.
This is said to be the largest national park in uganda covering an area of over 3,800 sq km, though it’s existence is determined by the murchison falls whose rushing water is forced to pass through a narrow gorge something that leaves everyone who has visited wondering.
You’ll see a tower of giraffes, families of elephants, buffalos, lionesses and lions, hippopotamuses, leopard to mention but a few.
3. Queen Elizabeth national Park.
Due to the number of tourists that visit each year, this is the most visited visited park.
Covering an area of over 1,900 sqkm, the park is located in the south western Uganda.
It’s blessed with crater lakes, forested gorges, the beautiful kazinga channel a home of variety of wildlife and it’s famous for its tree climbing lions in the Ishasha region. It has the highest number of bird species in uganda.
Chimpanzee Tracking activities are done in the Kyambura Gorge.
4. Kidepo Valley National Park.
In the north eastern part of Uganda in a district called Kaabong, you will find the park stretching on a area approximately 1,400 sqkm.
The big game favourites namely; Elephants, Giraffes, Elands, Lions, Hyena, Cheetah and Africa’s single herd of buffalos is all seen here.
Animals and birds that are rare in other parks, will be spotted in here for example, Cheetah, Stripped Hyena, Ostriches etc.
5. Semuliki National Park.
Laying on an estimate of 190 sq km, the park is located in western Uganda in a district called Bundibugyo. It is one of the richest areas of flora and fauna in Africa.
Blessed with over 400 bird species, plants and animals species.
Among the birds; Shunning blue KingFisher, and with mammals including; Forest buffalos, leopards, mona monkeys, bush babies, duikers, elephants to mention but a few.
6. Mt Elgon National Park.
The park is partially bisected by the Uganda-Kenya boarder.
Covering an area of over 1250 sqkm, Uganda takes over 1100 sqkm whereas the Kenyan part takes about 150 sqkm.
This is among one of the oldest volcanoes in Africa.
Its sorrounding forests inhabit an number of bird species and mammals in a list; for example, small antelopes, buffalos, forest monkeys i.e the black and white colobus, red tailed monkeys cutting the list shot. List of the birds includes; Jackson’s Francolin, Taccazze sunbird etc.
It offers a variety of other beautiful sceneries such as the caves, waterfalls that you see on ur climb to the peak wagagai and many more.
7. Mt Rwenzori National Park.
It’s also known as the “mountain of the moon” with a snowy attachment to it.
Its Almost 1,000 km² in size and has Africa’s third highest mountain peak Margherita, waterfalls, lakes, and glaciers.
Rwenzori Mountains National Park is located in south-western Uganda (Kasese District) on the east side of the western (Albertine) African rift valley. It lies on Uganda’s boarder shared with the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Africas fourth and fifth highest peaks ie mount Speke and Mount Baker are also located in the park.
Expect to see; over 89 bird species and a variety of mammals such as, forest elephants, duikers, black and white colobus monkeys, to mention but a few.
8. Mgahinga Gorilla National Park.
It covers approximately 38 sq km making it the smallest national park uganda has.
It’s located in Kisoro District, South western Uganda.
The park has 3 of the eight Virunga Volcanoes; namely Mount Gahinga, Mount Sabinyo and Mount Muhabura.
Mt Gahinga and Muhabura lie on the Uganda-Rwanda boarder and Mt Sabinyo on the Uganda, Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo boarders and hence makes these domant volcanoes international.
It’s the second habitat of the Mountain Gorillas.
9. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park.
It’s located in the southwest part of Uganda in Kanungu District.
It’s home to many of the world’s remaining mountain Gorillas, who feed on roots, leaves and fruits from the park’s many trees and also in habits quite a number of bird species and butterflies.
Restrictions to the number of permits helps in protecting the endangered Gorilla families, a maximum of 8 individuals is granted access to the great mountain gorillas a day.
This is the official site to gorilla trekking activities.
Other mammals that inhabit in the park include; Chimpanzees, Black and white colobus monkeys, blue monkeys, Grey cheeked mangabey to mention but a few.
10. Kibale National Park.
Is located in the western part of Uganda.
It covers an area of about 780 sq km.
The park is an important tourism and safari destination due to the fact the it’s adds a forest extension to Queen Elizabeth National Park and hense offers a wide range of mammals inhabiting in there; for example, Its popular for it’s population of habituated Chimpanzees, red colobus monkeys, black and white colobus monkeys, buffalos, warthogs, duikers, bushbarks and other mammals species.